By using this website you agree to our policy of using cookies. For more information consult our privacy policy and use of cookies, where you can disable them.

pt fr it es de


Alopecia is a hair problem that affects both men and women worldwide. Hair loss can be a challenging and worrying experience, but understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options can make a difference in the fight against alopecia.

What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a medical term that refers to abnormal hair loss on the scalp or other parts of the body. It can affect both men and women, and sometimes even children. Alopecia can manifest in various ways, from mild thinning of hair density to complete alopecia. It's important to understand that alopecia is not a disease itself but a symptom of an underlying issue in the scalp or hair follicles.

What Causes Alopecia?

Alopecia can be triggered by various factors, and its cause may vary from one individual to another. Some of the most common causes of alopecia include:

  1. Androgenetic Alopecia: Also known as hereditary baldness, androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in both men and women. It results from a genetic predisposition that makes hair follicles sensitive to male hormones (androgens). This leads to follicle miniaturization and eventually hair loss.
  2. Hair Disorders: Certain medical conditions, such as alopecia areata, lupus, scalp ringworm, and other hair disorders, can trigger hair loss.
  3. Hormonal Factors: Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy or menopause, can contribute to temporary hair loss.
  4. Stress: Stressful or traumatic situations can lead to hair loss, often in the form of telogen effluvium.
  5. Medication Use: Some medications, such as anticoagulants, chemotherapy treatments, and retinoids, can cause hair loss as a side effect.
  6. Nutritional Deficiencies: A diet lacking certain nutrients, such as iron, proteins, and vitamins, can contribute to hair loss.

How to Know If You Have Alopecia?

Early detection of alopecia is crucial in taking timely and effective measures to address this hair problem. It's essential to pay attention to a series of signs that could indicate the presence of baldness, such as:

  1. Increased hair loss on the pillow or in the shower: If you notice a significant increase in the amount of hair falling from your head, it's a concerning indicator that could be related to alopecia.

  2. Noticing bald areas on the scalp: The sudden appearance of bald spots on the scalp, commonly known as head bald patches, is a clear symptom of alopecia that should not be ignored.

  3. Reduced hair density in specific areas: Observing a noticeable decrease in hair density in specific regions of your scalp can also be a clear sign of developing alopecia.

  4. Thinning hair or reduced hair shaft diameter: If you notice that your hair has become thinner or that the diameter of your hair strands has significantly decreased, it could be an indication of alopecia.

When you experience any of these symptoms, it is highly recommended to seek the opinion of a hair health professional, such as a trichologist or dermatologist.

An early and accurate diagnosis can make a substantial difference in the treatment and reversal of alopecia, allowing you to address the problem more effectively and preserve your hair's health.

Do not underestimate the importance of taking care of your scalp and hair, as they are fundamental elements of your well-being and self-esteem.

Can Alopecia Be Stabilized?

The stabilization of alopecia is possible in many cases, but it largely depends on the underlying cause. Here are some ways to approach alopecia stabilization:

  • Medical Treatments: In cases of androgenetic alopecia, there are medical treatments like topical minoxidil and finasteride that can help slow hair loss and stimulate hair growth.
  • Lifestyle Change: Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, stress reduction, and proper hair care can help prevent hair loss.
  • Alternative Therapies: Some alternative therapies, such as acupuncture and low-level laser therapy, have been shown to be effective in treating alopecia in some patients.

What Happens If Alopecia Is Not Treated?

The lack of treatment or management of baldness can have various consequences, including:

  • Loss of Confidence: Hair loss can significantly impact self-esteem and self-confidence.
  • Aggravation of the Problem: In many cases, alopecia can worsen over time if not properly treated, making it more challenging to manage.
  • Psychological Impact: Untreated alopecia can have a significant psychological impact, leading to anxiety, depression, and other emotional issues.

Types of Alopecia and Their Symptoms

Alopecia presents in different forms, and each type has its distinctive symptoms. Here's a brief description of the most common types of alopecia and their symptoms:

  • Androgenetic Alopecia: Also known as male and female pattern baldness, it's characterized by hair loss on the top of the head or reduced hair density on the crown and temples in men and reduced hair density in women. It's often hereditary.
  • Alopecia Areata: Manifests as sudden circular areas of baldness on the scalp or other parts of the body. It can be caused by autoimmune factors.
  • Total or Universal Alopecia: These are more extreme forms of alopecia areata, resulting in total hair loss on the scalp or the entire body, respectively.
  • Scarring Alopecia: This form of alopecia occurs when scars form on the scalp due to follicular damage. Hair loss in these areas is permanent.
  • Telogen Effluvium: Massive hair loss occurs due to stress, surgery, childbirth, or poor diet. Generally, it can be reversed once the underlying cause is resolved.

Conclusion to Understand Alopecia

Baldness is a hair problem that can affect anyone. Identifying the underlying cause is essential in determining the best treatment approach. If you're concerned about hair loss, we recommend consulting a hair health professional for guidance and treatment options specific to your situation.

The good news is that, in many cases, alopecia can be treated and managed effectively, allowing you to maintain healthy hair and greater self-confidence.

At Clínica de Freitas, we understand how challenging it can be to face baldness and its impact on your life. Our team of trichologists and hair health professionals is here to help you better understand your situation and offer you the best treatment to combat alopecia.

If you are experiencing excessive hair loss, we invite you to schedule a consultation with us.

We will conduct a comprehensive diagnosis to identify the underlying causes of your alopecia and design a personalized treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

At Clínica de Freitas, we are committed to helping you recover and maintain your hair health. Your hair well-being is our priority.