The work with stem cells today generates great expectations in the medical environment and in thousands of patients who hope to benefit from its advances. Its expected benefits do not leave exempt the field of trichology that seeks to obtain advances in hair transplant with stem cells.
When stem cells are related to hair transplantation, it is common to expect that they would be used to clone hair that would then be transplanted in bald areas of the patient. Concretely, this assumption would consist of extracting a few follicular units and multiplying them with the help of stem cells. This would mean a hope for those people with insufficient donor capital, several operations performed, malpractice or very advanced alopecia, which would allow them to have a hair transplant.
However, is this how stem cells are currently used in trichology? Is hair transplant with stem cells a real possibility today? How are stem cells currently used in the field of trichology?
We will now see in which direction current research is heading and what possibilities exist today to stop alopecia and restore hair.
Stem cells are cells capable of creating other cells, specialized in other functions. In this way, stem cells carry out a process through which they divide and produce more cells that are called daughter cells.
In addition, stem cells have the ability to become specialized cells of other organs or tissues of the body. In this way they can replace old or defective cells and offer an open possibility to treat diseases that so far researchers have not been able to solve.
Those involved in stem cell research hope to arrive at conclusions that will help to:
* Understand the origin of diseases.
* Replace diseased cells with healthy cells produced from stem cells (regenerative medicine).
* Develop and improve medicines.
Regenerative medicine is medicine that uses stem cells to replace diseased or damaged tissue with new, healthy tissue. This technique is expected to be the next step in organ transplantation, injecting stem cells to repair defective organs. This would avoid the need for total organ transplantation.
In the field of trichology, researchers are trying to find out if by applying stem cells to the areas affected by alopecia, they can slow down its progress and revitalize the miniaturized follicles. With this, the aim is to reactivate those follicles that have lost their activity due to androgens.
Contrary to what was expected, the use of stem cells in trichology is not currently applied to clone hair. They are being applied as a hair treatment, with the aim of combating hair loss and stimulating the regeneration of follicles affected by androgenetic alopecia.
In this sense, there are two lines of work that differ in some aspects. Both techniques use stem cells from the patient's abdominal fat or scalp.
The stem cells are then separated through specific procedures and injected into the areas to be treated. This part of the procedure is similar to the mesotherapy technique.
A first application of this treatment is intended to produce new follicles and recover those that are miniaturized by the action of the AGA. This approach seeks to resolve alopecia without having to resort to surgical hair transplantation.
The second type of stem cell treatment is applied in the same way, but in parallel to hair transplant surgery. In this case, the objective is that the stem cells stimulate the growth of the grafted follicles and enhance the success of the hair transplant procedure.
There are currently no studies that have reliably proven the success of hair treatment with stem cells in humans. Nor is there any method of hair transplant with stem cells currently implemented.
It is true that scientists are focused on developing effective methods to combat alopecia with the use of stem cells. Therefore, it is to be hoped that in the not too distant future hair transplantation with stem cells will be an accessible solution. Similarly, we hope that stem cell applications in different types of hair treatment will advance to their full potential.
If this were to happen, the fight against alopecia could combine different methods according to the characteristics and needs of each patient. The ultimate goal will always be to restore people's self-confidence and self-esteem, affected by baldness.
At present, hair transplantation with FUE technique is an effective solution for those cases in which the follicles have disappeared and left completely bald areas. This procedure uses the patient's own follicular units, extracted one by one and implanted in the alopeciated areas. These follicles come from areas that are resistant to the action of androgens that cause follicular miniaturization, so they do not tend to fall out after transplantation.
Hair transplant with stem cells, which involves hair cloning, is not yet an established or possible procedure. However, androgenetic alopecia is solved with FUE hair transplantation.
In order to know if a patient is suitable for FUE hair transplant surgery, it is necessary to evaluate the particular case and assess different determining aspects. The general health condition, the availability of donor capital to be transplanted, the type of hair and causes of alopecia, among other variables, will be taken into account.
For this purpose, Clínica de Freitas performs a detailed and totally free evaluation to all our patients. In this instance we determine the patient's aptitude for the procedure and explain the characteristics of the operation.
Recovering hair and self-esteem is possible thanks to the work of experts. Make the decision and enjoy being yourself again.