Implanters are surgical instruments used for the implantation of follicular units (hairs).
Incisions are made with implanters (surgical materials that make the incision while the follicular units are introduced).
In this phase, the doctor who implants the follicular units defines the depth, angulation (inclination) and direction of growth of the hairs when implanting each follicular unit.
Maximum density will be achieved after having transplanted a large number of follicles.
Implanters ensure the exact depth at which the hair bulb is to be left, avoid the trauma that occurs when trying to place them with pincers, provide the exact angle the hair is to have and, importantly, reduce the incision of the wound created when implanting the hair, thus producing better cicatrisation (which makes the implanted follicle undetectable). Implanters also produce a minimal degree of scab during the postoperative, less folliculitis and infections, which allows us to achieve higher density.
Types of implanters according to calibre and follicular units implanted
- Follicular units of 1 hair–eyebrows: implanters with diameter of 0.6mm.
- Follicular units of 1 hair–scalp: implanters with diameter of 0.8mm.
- Follicular units of 2, 3 and 4 hairs: implanters with diameter of 1.0mm.
Follicular units are implanted one at a time in the bald area, respecting natural direction, inclination and density distribution patterns of the hair.
- Reconstruction of the frontal line.
- Restoration of the hair on the scalp.
- Repair of scars from previous procedures.
- Reconstruction of previous hair grafts.
- Reconstruction of eyebrows, beard and pubic area.
- Minimal incisions due to the use of bevelled needles with diameters of 0.8 to 1mm.
- The angle and direction of natural hair growth are controlled.
- The depth of the graft is controlled.
- The distance between implanted hairs is controlled.
- It provides natural density since it allows proximity when implanting (we are able to implant up to 80 hair follicles per cm2).
- Minimal damage to tissues.
- Faster cicatrisation compared to other methods.
- Lesser inflammation and postoperative scabs.
- Lower follicular trauma due to reduced handling of this, thus resulting in maximal growth.
- It allows a higher growth rate with faster results compared to other techniques. Within 8 months 90% of new hairs will have grown and will remain forever in the scalp.
- Much training and skill from the surgeon, nurses and assistants is needed in order to use the implanters.
- High cost surgical equipment.
- Material with short service life.