Chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) is an alteration of the hair growth cycle that causes hair loss during a minimum period of 6 months. The hair falls in a diffuse and generalized manner and without a clear trigger.
This type of effluvium causes a decrease in generalized capillary density and mostly in the bitemporal areas (above the ears).
It usually affects women between 30 and 60 years of age under conditions of high anxiety and depression. It is a chronic process that can last from 6 months to even 6-7 years.
The reasons behind this alteration are multiple. It may be due to a vitamin deficiency, low iron levels, damage to the root due to taking medications, illnesses, stressful situations, etc.
On many occasions the origin of the ETC can not be clearly identified.
The diagnosis of the ETC must be made by means of a digital trichoscopy by a doctor expert in the matter since it is necessary to detect the reason for which the patient is losing hair.
The ETC can be treated by basic therapeutic measures similar to those used in other types of alopecia such as vitamin supplements, topical minoxidil at 2 and 5%, oral antiandrogens, capillary mesotherapy, platelet-rich plasma, psychological therapy, etc. The frequency of intake and doses should be prescribed by a professional.
The objective is to give the root of the follicle the necessary components to produce a new hair.
In addition, the hair should be washed frequently 3-4 times a week.